This Advanced Course will focus on applying cutting-edge neuroscience approaches to fundamental questions about the human mind. Historically, many important advances in neuroscience have come from highly invasive studies of model animals, including rodents and monkeys. However, fascinating aspects of human psychology and cognition cannot be recreated in animal models, including language, morality, social group interactions, and complex decision making. Over the past five years, new experimental designs and analysis techniques have dramatically increased the power of noninvasive neuroimaging in humans to address these questions directly. The Advanced Course will cover: 1) how richly structured knowledge about the environment is acquired, and used to guide adaptive behavior; 2) the role of early experience in structuring concepts of events, objects and other people; 3) how people balance their internal perspective with the social context of other people; 4) how persuasive message and ideas spread across people and affect behavior; 5) how decision making is affected by social and societal context; 6) how people balance selfish and moral motivations in social decision making; and 7) how group membership and prejudice lead to failures of empathy, dehumanization, and misunderstanding of other people. The Faculty will focus on cutting edge techniques for integrating behavioral, computational, and machine learning approaches with neuroimaging of the human brain.