Clinicians commonly see patients with coexistence of heart and kidney diseases. The interaction of these two conditions markedly impacts the diagnosis, management and prognosis. At The 2nd International Nephrocardiology Conference, the latest findings of various aspects of this interaction will be explored by internationally recognized experts. This course has been designed to be useful for clinicians, researchers and trainees in the fields of nephrology, cardiology, internal medicine and its subspecialties, hospital medicine, family medicine, primary care, pediatrics, emergency medicine, pulmonary and critical care medicine, geriatrics, anesthesiology, and clinical pharmacy. Furthermore, those practicing in clinical and/or research in other areas of medicine that encounter patients with heart and kidney diseases will benefit from this course. In addition to physicians and scientists, nurse practitioners, physician assistants and other relevant allied health professionals will find this conference useful.