Cours et événements pour étudiants en physique - États-Unis

Sélecionner un pays
1
Tutorials — Mathematical and Computational Challenges in the Era of Gravitational Wave Astronomy
14 sep 2021 - 21 sep 2021 • Los Angeles, CA, États-Unis
Organisateur:
IPAM - Institute for Pure & Applied Mathematics, an NSF Math Institute at UCLA
Résumé:
The program opens with several days of tutorials that will provide an introduction to major themes of the entire program and the four workshops. The goal is to build a foundation for the participants of this program who have diverse scientific backgrounds. For those participating in the long program, please plan to attend Opening Day on September 13, 2021 as well. Others may participate in Opening Day by invitation from the organizing committee.
Sujets:
Part of the Long Program Mathematical and Computational Challenges in the Era of Gravitational Wave Astronomy
Identifiant de l'évènement:
1403674
2
Workshop I: Computational Challenges in Multi-Messenger Astrophysics
04 oct 2021 - 08 oct 2021 • Los Angeles, CA, États-Unis
Organisateur:
IPAM - Institute for Pure & Applied Mathematics, an NSF Math Institute at UCLA
Résumé:
Computational relativistic astrophysics and numerical relativity face a number of challenges following the first detection of binary black holes and binary neutron stars: high Lorentz factors, strong and dynamical gravitational fields, uncertain equations of state, magnetic fields, radiative and dissipative effects, large dynamical ranges, solutions of constrained hyperbolic systems. The likely gravitational signals produced after the collapse of massive stellar cores offer unique probes of the dynamics of newly-born compact stellar remnants. Predicting source dynamics of future detections of gravitational wave signals is important to understand the physics of these events in the current and next-generation earth-based gravitational-wave detectors and essential to achieve design sensitivity in future space-based detectors. The goal of this workshop is to bring together mathematical modelers in general relativity, astrophysicists, and experts in numerical relativity to discuss open issues to improve current approaches to build increasingly more accurate gravitational wave templates that allow to identify future detections.
Sujets:
Part of the Long Program Mathematical and Computational Challenges in the Era of Gravitational Wave Astronomy
Identifiant de l'évènement:
1403739
3
Workshop II: Mathematical and Numerical Aspects of Gravitation
25 oct 2021 - 29 oct 2021 • Los Angeles, CA, États-Unis
Organisateur:
IPAM - Institute for Pure & Applied Mathematics, an NSF Math Institute at UCLA
Résumé:
Ever since general relativity’s birth in 1915, mathematics has had a profound impact on the way the theory has been understood: Examples over the years include Hilbert’s variational formulation, Noether’s early theorems on conservation laws, Choquet-Bruhat’s foundational well-posedness theorem and the hyperbolicity of the equations, Bondi’s concept of null infinity and gravitational waves, the incompleteness theorems of Penrose and the black hole concept, the positive energy theorem of Schoen and Yau, and the nonlinear stability of Minkowski space proven by Christodoulou and Klainerman. In more recent years, the power of numerics has added additional insights to our mathematical picture, particularly after Pretorius’s 2004 breakthrough allowing for the numerical simulation of binary black hole systems. Today, research on mathematical and numerical aspects of general relativity constitute two vibrant fields which have become very influential in the wider mathematics and physics communities. The two fields have many points of contact: Some common goals shared by both rigorous mathematical analysis and numerics include understanding the formation of black holes in gravitational collapse, their non-linear stability, and their interaction with other black holes in binary systems or other scattering processes. In their practical application to astrophysics, the two fields often play complementary roles: Numerics generates the templates which play an important part in interpreting gravitational wave detections by LIGO and VIRGO, while rigorous mathematical analysis has introduced subtle new concepts, like Christodoulou memory, which may play an important role in the next generation of detectors. Another common goal of both rigorous mathematics and of numerics, of interest to theoretical physics, is to understand generic spacetime singularities, so as to resolve in particular the celebrated weak and strong cosmic censorship conjectures of Penrose. As singularities probe the limits of the theory, a resolution of these conjectures may shed light on various attempts to transcend general relativity. Other recent problems which have brought together mathematics and numerics include work on asymptotically anti-de Sitter spacetimes, and well-posedness for alternative theories of gravity, both of interest in high energy physics. There is also recent activity on inverse problems. This workshop will gather mathematicians, theoretical physicists and numerical analysis developers to discuss these and other issues.
Sujets:
Part of the Long Program Mathematical and Computational Challenges in the Era of Gravitational Wave Astronomy
Identifiant de l'évènement:
1403749
4
Workshop III: Source Inference and Parameter Estimation in Gravitational Wave Astronomy
15 nov 2021 - 19 nov 2021 • Los Angeles, CA, États-Unis
Organisateur:
IPAM - Institute for Pure & Applied Mathematics, an NSF Math Institute at UCLA
Résumé:
Gravitational-wave (GW) observations offer a unique opportunity to study astrophysical and cosmological sources that are difficult to access through electromagnetic observations. Inferring the sources’ properties from their GW signal is one of the key objectives of GW data analysis. The planned improvements in the sensitivity of the ground-based detectors and future space-based observatories, however, bring unique computational and mathematical challenges to the inference problem including long-duration signals, high signal-to-noise ratios, increased parameter dimensionality and overlapping signals. These challenges must be overcome to fully exploit the scientific potential of GW observations. The goal of this workshop is to connect statisticians, computer scientists and GW astrophysicists to discuss the current state-of-the-art approaches to parameter estimation in GW astrophysics, and to identify the open issues to enable fast and reliable inference for different GW sources, including modelled and un-modelled signals, for the current and planned GW observatories.
Sujets:
Part of the Long Program Mathematical and Computational Challenges in the Era of Gravitational Wave Astronomy
Identifiant de l'évènement:
1403693
5
Workshop IV: Big Data in Multi-Messenger Astrophysics
29 nov 2021 - 03 dec 2021 • Los Angeles, CA, États-Unis
Organisateur:
IPAM - Institute for Pure & Applied Mathematics, an NSF Math Institute at UCLA
Résumé:
Detection of gravitational waves requires the operation of very sophisticated detectors producing large amounts of data. The sensitivity of the gravitational-wave detectors to astrophysical signals is limited by the noise associated with the instruments themselves and their environment. Invaluable astrophysical information is buried in data sets that may be too large or complex to be analyzed with traditional data-processing techniques. To make the analysis of gravitational-wave detector data more efficient it becomes increasingly more important to characterize and mitigate the detector noise sources, as well as find more powerful ways to extract information from the detector data. Methods for the analysis of gravitational-wave detector data range from standard signal processing algorithms to novel machine learning algorithms. This workshop will focus on the development of these techniques for a more efficient handling of gravitational-wave data sets, reduction of detector noise, identification of astrophysical signals and increase in detection confidence. It will bring together astrophysicists, mathematicians and statisticians working on the state-of-the-art data analysis.
Sujets:
Part of the Long Program Mathematical and Computational Challenges in the Era of Gravitational Wave Astronomy
Identifiant de l'évènement:
1403725
6
Gordon Research Seminar — Ultrafast Phenomena in Cooperative Systems
19 fév 2022 - 20 fév 2022 • Ventura, États-Unis
Sujets:
quantum condensed matter, e.g. two-dimensional materials, correlated electron materials, ferroic systems, topological phases
Identifiant de l'évènement:
1427504
7
Gordon Research Conference — Ultrafast Phenomena in Cooperative Systems
20 fév 2022 - 25 fév 2022 • Ventura, États-Unis
Sujets:
quantum condensed matter, e.g. two-dimensional materials, correlated electron materials, ferroic systems, topological phases
Identifiant de l'évènement:
1427527
8
Advancing Quantum Mechanics with Mathematics and Statistics
07 mar 2022 - 10 jui 2022 • Institute for Pure and Applied Mathematics (IPAM), Los Angeles, États-Unis
Résumé:
The aim of this program is to pave the way towards practical and error-controlled quantum-mechanical calculations with tens of thousands (or even millions) of quantum particles. This IPAM program is based on the premise that by systematically analyzing the structure and topology of Hilbert spaces of different systems and methods, as an interdisciplinary community we can overcome the bottlenecks of existing approximations, and move towards quantum multiscale methods based on Hilbert space embedding, model order reduction, and complementary mathematical and statistical techniques. This program will bring together physicists, mathematicians, chemists, engineers, and computer scientists interested in pushing the boundaries of theory and methods based on quantum mechanics.
Identifiant de l'évènement:
1423313
9
Tutorials — Advancing Quantum Mechanics with Mathematics and Statistics
08 mar 2022 - 11 mar 2022 • Los Angeles, CA, États-Unis
Organisateur:
IPAM - Institute for Pure & Applied Mathematics, an NSF Math Institute at UCLA
Résumé:
The program opens with four days of tutorials that will provide an introduction to major themes of the entire program and the four workshops. The goal is to build a foundation for the participants of this program who have diverse scientific backgrounds. For those participating in the long program, please plan to attend Opening Day on March 7, 2022 as well. Others may participate in Opening Day by invitation from the organizing committee.
Sujets:
Part of the Long Program Advancing Quantum Mechanics with Mathematics and Statistics
Identifiant de l'évènement:
1403768
10
Workshop I: Multiscale Approaches in Quantum Mechanics
28 mar 2022 - 01 avr 2022 • Los Angeles, CA, États-Unis
Organisateur:
IPAM - Institute for Pure & Applied Mathematics, an NSF Math Institute at UCLA
Résumé:
This workshop will set the stage and define research directions for the rest of the program. The idea is to achieve a healthy mix between researchers developing quantum theories and methods on different spatial and temporal scales, providing a forum to discuss the advances in multiscale modeling in quantum mechanics and pave the way to stronger coupling between existing methods and completely novel quantum approaches. The main question is how to integrate already existing quantum methods to reduce their weaknesses, improve their applicability, and enable quantum calculations on much larger scales? For example, electronic orbitals obtained from density-functional theory calculations are being increasingly used to compute correlation energies using many-body Green’s function theories and explicitly correlated methods. Such synergies provide a way to approach the exact solution of the Schroedinger equation, in addition to significantly accelerating the cost of explicit many-body calculations. On a much larger spatial scales, multiscale coupling of approximate many body Hamiltonians with Maxwell’s equations allows to unify microscopic and continuum treatments of van der Waals and Casimir interactions, eventually making it possible to push the boundaries of such calculations to macroscopic systems.
Identifiant de l'évènement:
1403712
11
Workshop II: Model Reduction in Quantum Mechanics
11 avr 2022 - 15 avr 2022 • Los Angeles, CA, États-Unis
Organisateur:
IPAM - Institute for Pure & Applied Mathematics, an NSF Math Institute at UCLA
Résumé:
The first one is the rigorous mathematical derivation of reduced models from reference quantum models in some regimes such as the semiclassical limit, adiabatic limit, thermodynamic limit, and high/low density limit. New approaches have been developed in the past two decades, which lead to successful mathematical derivations of reduced models in a number of settings. However, in many settings the mathematical relations between reference and reduced models and the domain of validity of the latter still have to be clarified. The second aspect is concerned with effective interactions. Interactions between elementary particles typically have very simple functional form such as the Coulomb potential between two charged particles. However, upon solving the many-particle quantum mechanical equations, complex and intricate interactions emerge. The understanding and systematization of such interactions between composite objects provides a pathway to better understand quantum mechanics itself and constitutes the basis for developing coarse-grained approaches to describe interactions in large quantum systems. The third aspect is about simplified quasiparticle or collective mode descriptions of complicated quantum states, using one-particle spin-orbitals, plasmons, phonons, polarons, or excitons. Such objects are embedded in finite or infinite dimensional Hilbert spaces defined by the basis set utilized to expand the many-body wavefunction. Recently, many interesting efforts have been dedicated to analyzing and visualizing quantum states in Hilbert spaces, as well as to map and embed Hilbert spaces between different quantum systems. Such mapping and embedding of Hilbert spaces brings out novel insights into the intricate nature of quantum fluctuations and should ultimately allow to develop better and more reliable approximations for solving complex quantum systems.
Identifiant de l'évènement:
1403700
12
Workshop III: Large-Scale Certified Numerical Methods in Quantum Mechanics
02 mai 2022 - 06 mai 2022 • Los Angeles, CA, États-Unis
Organisateur:
IPAM - Institute for Pure & Applied Mathematics, an NSF Math Institute at UCLA
Résumé:
Simulating very large quantum systems require new numerical methods and algorithms. Such simulations indeed lead to solving linear and nonlinear systems of equations and eigenvalue problems, that are characterized by high dimensionality, large ranks (for tensor problems), and extreme scale. They must exploit massive parallelism in both space and time and rank-reduction methods, through deterministic or stochastic approaches, optimized data structures, and minimize communication. It is also key to have tools at hands to assess the quality of the simulation results. Error analysis is of major relevance in the simulation of quantum systems, but to date, it has received less attention than in other fields such as fluid or structure dynamics. The error between the exact and computed values of a given physical quantity of interest (QOI), e.g. the dissociation energy of a molecule, has several origins: a model error (resulting from the choice of a computationally tractable, but not extremely accurate, model, e.g. Kohn-Sham with B3LYP functional), a discretization error (resulting from the choice of a finite basis set), an algorithmic error (due to the choice of stopping criteria in Self-Consistent Field and other iterative algorithms), an implementation error (due to possible bugs or uncontrolled round-off errors), a computing error (due to random hardware failures). Quantifying these different sources of errors is key for two reasons. First, guaranteed estimates on these five components of the error would allow one to supplement the computed value of the QOI returned by the numerical simulation with guaranteed error bars (certification of the result). Second, this would allow one to choose the parameters of the simulation (approximate model, discretization parameters, algorithm and stopping criteria, data structures?) in an optimal way in order to minimize the computational effort required to reach the target accuracy (error balancing). Since molecular simulation consumes a massive amount of CPU time in scientific research centers worldwide, this would have a major impact on the use of scientific computing resources.
Identifiant de l'évènement:
1403776
13
Workshop IV: Monte Carlo and Machine Learning Approaches in Quantum Mechanics
23 mai 2022 - 27 mai 2022 • Los Angeles, CA, États-Unis
Organisateur:
IPAM - Institute for Pure & Applied Mathematics, an NSF Math Institute at UCLA
Résumé:
Quantum mechanics has strong connections with probability theory and statistics. Quantum states are amenable to probabilistic interpretation based on laws of statistics. Many quantum problems can be reformulated in terms of Feynman’s path integral formulation, which amounts to computing quantum partition functions using statistical sampling techniques. In addition, new statistical learning approaches are emerging that aim to incorporate “quantumness” to ensure unitarity and long-range correlations that are so ubiquitous in quantum systems. Considering these recent developments, it appears timely to bring together the large community of people working on quantum systems and statistical techniques. This workshop will broadly address the reaches and limitations of statistics as applied to the modeling and understanding of quantum systems and highlight examples where quantum and statistical models enhance each other.
Identifiant de l'évènement:
1403808
14
PNCMI 2022 — Polarized Neutron School
25 jul 2022 - 29 jul 2022 • Gaithersburg, Maryland, États-Unis
Organisateur:
NIST Center for Neutron Research (NCNR)
Résumé:
The Polarized Neutron School will provide a comprehensive introduction to polarized neutrons, techniques and scientific applications. Staff will give a series of lectures focused on neutron scattering techniques and applications for a variety of scientific fields. These lectures will cover small-angle scattering, reflectometry, diffraction/inelastic scattering, and instrumentation. The lectures will be followed by hands-on experiments in small groups and the relevant data reduction process. The school will be held at the NIST Center for Neutron Research (NCNR) in Gaithersburg, Maryland. This will provide a useful background before the PNCMI conference. The school is intended for master/doctoral students and young postdoctoral scientists familiar with scattering techniques.
Identifiant de l'évènement:
1432218


Conference-Service.com met à la disposition de ses visiteurs des listes de conférences et réunions dans le domaine scientifique. Ces listes sont publiées pour le bénéfice des personnes qui cherchent une conférence, mais aussi, bien sûr, pour celui des organisateurs. Noter que, malgré tout le soin que nous apportons à la vérification des données entrées dans nos listes, nous ne pouvons accepter de responsabilité en ce qui concerne leur exactitude ou étendue. Pensez donc à vérifier les informations présentées avec les organisateurs de la conférence ou de la réunion avant de vous engager à y participer!

Dernière mise à jour: 01 Juillet 2021