Courses and Events for Physics Students in the United States (USA)

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1
Workshop II: Mathematical and Numerical Aspects of Gravitation
25 Oct 2021 - 29 Oct 2021 • Los Angeles, CA, United States
Organizer:
IPAM - Institute for Pure & Applied Mathematics, an NSF Math Institute at UCLA
Abstract:
Ever since general relativity’s birth in 1915, mathematics has had a profound impact on the way the theory has been understood: Examples over the years include Hilbert’s variational formulation, Noether’s early theorems on conservation laws, Choquet-Bruhat’s foundational well-posedness theorem and the hyperbolicity of the equations, Bondi’s concept of null infinity and gravitational waves, the incompleteness theorems of Penrose and the black hole concept, the positive energy theorem of Schoen and Yau, and the nonlinear stability of Minkowski space proven by Christodoulou and Klainerman. In more recent years, the power of numerics has added additional insights to our mathematical picture, particularly after Pretorius’s 2004 breakthrough allowing for the numerical simulation of binary black hole systems. Today, research on mathematical and numerical aspects of general relativity constitute two vibrant fields which have become very influential in the wider mathematics and physics communities. The two fields have many points of contact: Some common goals shared by both rigorous mathematical analysis and numerics include understanding the formation of black holes in gravitational collapse, their non-linear stability, and their interaction with other black holes in binary systems or other scattering processes. In their practical application to astrophysics, the two fields often play complementary roles: Numerics generates the templates which play an important part in interpreting gravitational wave detections by LIGO and VIRGO, while rigorous mathematical analysis has introduced subtle new concepts, like Christodoulou memory, which may play an important role in the next generation of detectors. Another common goal of both rigorous mathematics and of numerics, of interest to theoretical physics, is to understand generic spacetime singularities, so as to resolve in particular the celebrated weak and strong cosmic censorship conjectures of Penrose. As singularities probe the limits of the theory, a resolution of these conjectures may shed light on various attempts to transcend general relativity. Other recent problems which have brought together mathematics and numerics include work on asymptotically anti-de Sitter spacetimes, and well-posedness for alternative theories of gravity, both of interest in high energy physics. There is also recent activity on inverse problems. This workshop will gather mathematicians, theoretical physicists and numerical analysis developers to discuss these and other issues.
Topics:
Part of the Long Program Mathematical and Computational Challenges in the Era of Gravitational Wave Astronomy
Event listing ID:
1403749
2
Workshop III: Source Inference and Parameter Estimation in Gravitational Wave Astronomy
15 Nov 2021 - 19 Nov 2021 • Los Angeles, CA, United States
Organizer:
IPAM - Institute for Pure & Applied Mathematics, an NSF Math Institute at UCLA
Abstract:
Gravitational-wave (GW) observations offer a unique opportunity to study astrophysical and cosmological sources that are difficult to access through electromagnetic observations. Inferring the sources’ properties from their GW signal is one of the key objectives of GW data analysis. The planned improvements in the sensitivity of the ground-based detectors and future space-based observatories, however, bring unique computational and mathematical challenges to the inference problem including long-duration signals, high signal-to-noise ratios, increased parameter dimensionality and overlapping signals. These challenges must be overcome to fully exploit the scientific potential of GW observations. The goal of this workshop is to connect statisticians, computer scientists and GW astrophysicists to discuss the current state-of-the-art approaches to parameter estimation in GW astrophysics, and to identify the open issues to enable fast and reliable inference for different GW sources, including modelled and un-modelled signals, for the current and planned GW observatories.
Topics:
Part of the Long Program Mathematical and Computational Challenges in the Era of Gravitational Wave Astronomy
Event listing ID:
1403737
3
Workshop IV: Big Data in Multi-Messenger Astrophysics
29 Nov 2021 - 03 Dec 2021 • Los Angeles, CA, United States
Organizer:
IPAM - Institute for Pure & Applied Mathematics, an NSF Math Institute at UCLA
Abstract:
Detection of gravitational waves requires the operation of very sophisticated detectors producing large amounts of data. The sensitivity of the gravitational-wave detectors to astrophysical signals is limited by the noise associated with the instruments themselves and their environment. Invaluable astrophysical information is buried in data sets that may be too large or complex to be analyzed with traditional data-processing techniques. To make the analysis of gravitational-wave detector data more efficient it becomes increasingly more important to characterize and mitigate the detector noise sources, as well as find more powerful ways to extract information from the detector data. Methods for the analysis of gravitational-wave detector data range from standard signal processing algorithms to novel machine learning algorithms. This workshop will focus on the development of these techniques for a more efficient handling of gravitational-wave data sets, reduction of detector noise, identification of astrophysical signals and increase in detection confidence. It will bring together astrophysicists, mathematicians and statisticians working on the state-of-the-art data analysis.
Topics:
Part of the Long Program Mathematical and Computational Challenges in the Era of Gravitational Wave Astronomy
Event listing ID:
1403769
4
Gordon Research Seminar — Ultrafast Phenomena in Cooperative Systems
19 Feb 2022 - 20 Feb 2022 • Ventura, United States
Topics:
quantum condensed matter, e.g. two-dimensional materials, correlated electron materials, ferroic systems, topological phases
Event listing ID:
1427493
5
Gordon Research Conference — Ultrafast Phenomena in Cooperative Systems
20 Feb 2022 - 25 Feb 2022 • Ventura, United States
Topics:
quantum condensed matter, e.g. two-dimensional materials, correlated electron materials, ferroic systems, topological phases
Event listing ID:
1427483
6
Advancing Quantum Mechanics with Mathematics and Statistics
07 Mar 2022 - 10 Jun 2022 • Institute for Pure and Applied Mathematics (IPAM), Los Angeles, United States
Abstract:
The aim of this program is to pave the way towards practical and error-controlled quantum-mechanical calculations with tens of thousands (or even millions) of quantum particles. This IPAM program is based on the premise that by systematically analyzing the structure and topology of Hilbert spaces of different systems and methods, as an interdisciplinary community we can overcome the bottlenecks of existing approximations, and move towards quantum multiscale methods based on Hilbert space embedding, model order reduction, and complementary mathematical and statistical techniques. This program will bring together physicists, mathematicians, chemists, engineers, and computer scientists interested in pushing the boundaries of theory and methods based on quantum mechanics.
Event listing ID:
1423313
7
Tutorials — Advancing Quantum Mechanics with Mathematics and Statistics
08 Mar 2022 - 11 Mar 2022 • Los Angeles, CA, United States
Organizer:
IPAM - Institute for Pure & Applied Mathematics, an NSF Math Institute at UCLA
Abstract:
The program opens with four days of tutorials that will provide an introduction to major themes of the entire program and the four workshops. The goal is to build a foundation for the participants of this program who have diverse scientific backgrounds. For those participating in the long program, please plan to attend Opening Day on March 7, 2022 as well. Others may participate in Opening Day by invitation from the organizing committee.
Topics:
Part of the Long Program Advancing Quantum Mechanics with Mathematics and Statistics
Event listing ID:
1403713
8
Workshop I: Multiscale Approaches in Quantum Mechanics
28 Mar 2022 - 01 Apr 2022 • Los Angeles, CA, United States
Organizer:
IPAM - Institute for Pure & Applied Mathematics, an NSF Math Institute at UCLA
Abstract:
This workshop will set the stage and define research directions for the rest of the program. The idea is to achieve a healthy mix between researchers developing quantum theories and methods on different spatial and temporal scales, providing a forum to discuss the advances in multiscale modeling in quantum mechanics and pave the way to stronger coupling between existing methods and completely novel quantum approaches. The main question is how to integrate already existing quantum methods to reduce their weaknesses, improve their applicability, and enable quantum calculations on much larger scales? For example, electronic orbitals obtained from density-functional theory calculations are being increasingly used to compute correlation energies using many-body Green’s function theories and explicitly correlated methods. Such synergies provide a way to approach the exact solution of the Schroedinger equation, in addition to significantly accelerating the cost of explicit many-body calculations. On a much larger spatial scales, multiscale coupling of approximate many body Hamiltonians with Maxwell’s equations allows to unify microscopic and continuum treatments of van der Waals and Casimir interactions, eventually making it possible to push the boundaries of such calculations to macroscopic systems.
Event listing ID:
1403778
9
Workshop II: Model Reduction in Quantum Mechanics
11 Apr 2022 - 15 Apr 2022 • Los Angeles, CA, United States
Organizer:
IPAM - Institute for Pure & Applied Mathematics, an NSF Math Institute at UCLA
Abstract:
The first one is the rigorous mathematical derivation of reduced models from reference quantum models in some regimes such as the semiclassical limit, adiabatic limit, thermodynamic limit, and high/low density limit. New approaches have been developed in the past two decades, which lead to successful mathematical derivations of reduced models in a number of settings. However, in many settings the mathematical relations between reference and reduced models and the domain of validity of the latter still have to be clarified. The second aspect is concerned with effective interactions. Interactions between elementary particles typically have very simple functional form such as the Coulomb potential between two charged particles. However, upon solving the many-particle quantum mechanical equations, complex and intricate interactions emerge. The understanding and systematization of such interactions between composite objects provides a pathway to better understand quantum mechanics itself and constitutes the basis for developing coarse-grained approaches to describe interactions in large quantum systems. The third aspect is about simplified quasiparticle or collective mode descriptions of complicated quantum states, using one-particle spin-orbitals, plasmons, phonons, polarons, or excitons. Such objects are embedded in finite or infinite dimensional Hilbert spaces defined by the basis set utilized to expand the many-body wavefunction. Recently, many interesting efforts have been dedicated to analyzing and visualizing quantum states in Hilbert spaces, as well as to map and embed Hilbert spaces between different quantum systems. Such mapping and embedding of Hilbert spaces brings out novel insights into the intricate nature of quantum fluctuations and should ultimately allow to develop better and more reliable approximations for solving complex quantum systems.
Event listing ID:
1403733
10
Workshop III: Large-Scale Certified Numerical Methods in Quantum Mechanics
02 May 2022 - 06 May 2022 • Los Angeles, CA, United States
Organizer:
IPAM - Institute for Pure & Applied Mathematics, an NSF Math Institute at UCLA
Abstract:
Simulating very large quantum systems require new numerical methods and algorithms. Such simulations indeed lead to solving linear and nonlinear systems of equations and eigenvalue problems, that are characterized by high dimensionality, large ranks (for tensor problems), and extreme scale. They must exploit massive parallelism in both space and time and rank-reduction methods, through deterministic or stochastic approaches, optimized data structures, and minimize communication. It is also key to have tools at hands to assess the quality of the simulation results. Error analysis is of major relevance in the simulation of quantum systems, but to date, it has received less attention than in other fields such as fluid or structure dynamics. The error between the exact and computed values of a given physical quantity of interest (QOI), e.g. the dissociation energy of a molecule, has several origins: a model error (resulting from the choice of a computationally tractable, but not extremely accurate, model, e.g. Kohn-Sham with B3LYP functional), a discretization error (resulting from the choice of a finite basis set), an algorithmic error (due to the choice of stopping criteria in Self-Consistent Field and other iterative algorithms), an implementation error (due to possible bugs or uncontrolled round-off errors), a computing error (due to random hardware failures). Quantifying these different sources of errors is key for two reasons. First, guaranteed estimates on these five components of the error would allow one to supplement the computed value of the QOI returned by the numerical simulation with guaranteed error bars (certification of the result). Second, this would allow one to choose the parameters of the simulation (approximate model, discretization parameters, algorithm and stopping criteria, data structures?) in an optimal way in order to minimize the computational effort required to reach the target accuracy (error balancing). Since molecular simulation consumes a massive amount of CPU time in scientific research centers worldwide, this would have a major impact on the use of scientific computing resources.
Event listing ID:
1403721
11
Workshop IV: Monte Carlo and Machine Learning Approaches in Quantum Mechanics
23 May 2022 - 27 May 2022 • Los Angeles, CA, United States
Organizer:
IPAM - Institute for Pure & Applied Mathematics, an NSF Math Institute at UCLA
Abstract:
Quantum mechanics has strong connections with probability theory and statistics. Quantum states are amenable to probabilistic interpretation based on laws of statistics. Many quantum problems can be reformulated in terms of Feynman’s path integral formulation, which amounts to computing quantum partition functions using statistical sampling techniques. In addition, new statistical learning approaches are emerging that aim to incorporate “quantumness” to ensure unitarity and long-range correlations that are so ubiquitous in quantum systems. Considering these recent developments, it appears timely to bring together the large community of people working on quantum systems and statistical techniques. This workshop will broadly address the reaches and limitations of statistics as applied to the modeling and understanding of quantum systems and highlight examples where quantum and statistical models enhance each other.
Event listing ID:
1403786
12
School — SUBSEA Optical Fiber Communications
10 Jul 2022 - 16 Jul 2022 • The Optical Society, United States
Organizer:
The Optical Society (OSA)
Abstract:
This Hands-on program features speakers from Google, Facebook, Subscom, Alcatel Submarine Networks and NEC. The school focuses on understanding and preparing to work in the field of Subsea Optical Fiber Communications. With ninety nine percent of all international data traffic traveling through the 1.2 million km of subsea optical fiber in use today, and data traffic set to double in the next three years, the school was an exciting and timely event.
Event listing ID:
1444298
13
PNCMI 2022 — Polarized Neutron School
25 Jul 2022 - 29 Jul 2022 • Gaithersburg, Maryland, United States
Organizer:
NIST Center for Neutron Research (NCNR)
Abstract:
The Polarized Neutron School will provide a comprehensive introduction to polarized neutrons, techniques and scientific applications. Staff will give a series of lectures focused on neutron scattering techniques and applications for a variety of scientific fields. These lectures will cover small-angle scattering, reflectometry, diffraction/inelastic scattering, and instrumentation. The lectures will be followed by hands-on experiments in small groups and the relevant data reduction process. The school will be held at the NIST Center for Neutron Research (NCNR) in Gaithersburg, Maryland. This will provide a useful background before the PNCMI conference. The school is intended for master/doctoral students and young postdoctoral scientists familiar with scattering techniques.
Event listing ID:
1432163
Related subject(s):
14
Workshop — Introductory Workshop: Analytic and Geometric Aspects of Gauge Theory
29 Aug 2022 - 03 Sep 2022 • Mathematical Sciences Research Institute, Berkeley, United States
Organizer:
Mathematical Sciences Research Institute (MRSI)
Abstract:
The workshop will highlight the utility and impact of gauge theory in other areas of math. Mini-courses will cover the historical utility and impact of gauge theory in areas including low-dimensional topology, algebraic geometry, and the analysis of PDE; additional talks will cover more recent directions.
Event listing ID:
1444010
Related subject(s):
15
Workshop — New four-dimensional gauge theories
24 Oct 2022 - 29 Oct 2022 • Mathematical Sciences Research Institute, Berkeley, United States
Organizer:
Mathematical Sciences Research Institute (MRSI)
Abstract:
This workshop will bring together researchers working on new four-dimensional gauge theories from the perspectives of differential geometry, algebraic geometry, and physics. Over the last 25 years, physicists have made tantalizing conjectures relating the Vafa–Witten equation to modular forms and the Kapustin–Witten and Haydys–Witten equations to knot theory and the geometric Langlands programme. The analytical challenges in the way of establishing these predictions are now being pursued vigorously. More recently, algebraic geometers have had enormous success in confirming and refining Vafa–Witten's predictions for projective surfaces. The workshop will serve as a platform for reporting on recent progress and exchanging ideas in all of these areas, with the aim of strengthening existing and fostering new interactions.
Event listing ID:
1444051
Related subject(s):


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Last updated: 13 September 2021